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Full text of "Poland Russia and Great Britain 1941-1945"

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lack of common sense and political wisdom , thus on Friday the whole officer
corps, with their generals—three regiments altogether—were obliged to
leave their completely mined and burnt-out capital, having lost all hope of
British, American or Soviet aid."-
A telegram from the Polish women of Warsaw to the women of Great
Britain and the United States ended with the words :—" God only is left
to us., for we have been forgotten by out Allies.35
On October 3rd, when the fate of the Polish capital was sealed,, the
Council of National Unity issued a Manifesto to the Polish people :—
" Over many centuries the ideas of liberty have shaped the soul of the
Polish nation . . . We fought for it uncompromisingly and in every possible
condition . . . Faithful to that tradition, in September, 1939, we engaged in
solitary struggle with an enemy who had numerical and technical superiority.
. . . We were the world's first rampart, when Germany provoked a second
war. We were conquered, but we refused to be enslaved.
" On August 1, 1944, we began an open struggle against the Germans in
Warsaw. We chose this moment because the Russian troops were on the
outskirts of Warsaw, because our Western Allies had begun their decisive
march to Berlin, because, owing to the large numbers involved, it had become
impossible for the Home Army to remain concealed, because desire for
freedom, accumulated during the long years of occupation, had become
impossible to restrain any longer and, lastly, because behind the German
front we were threatened with mass round-ups, deportation of Polish youths
and the destruction of our capital city.
" When we openly took up the struggle in Warsaw, we did not suppose
that we could beat the Germans alone. We counted on the aid of Russia
and our Western Allies. We had the right to count on such help at a time
when detachments of the Home Army, fighting in Volyn, Wilno area, in
Lwow and Lublin, had contributed vitally to the successes of the Russian
Army, at a time when Polish forces were fighting and bleeding for the
common cause on the fields of Italy and France, on the land, on the sea and
in the air.
" We were deceived. We did not receive proper help. The supplies
dropped by our Western Allies, and by the Russians—none came in time,
nor did it come in any proportion to our requirements. It was non-effective.
An enormous technical superiority enabled the Germans to reconquer one
after another the districts we had won and our situation became gradually
hopeless. This is the truth. We have been treated worse than Hitler's
allies—Italy, Rumania, Finland . . .
" So we fought alone for nine weeks. Rivers of our blood have soaked
into our sacred Polish soil. But now when our soldiers have fired their last
shells captured from the enemy, when the mothers of our children have no
more food to give them, when the long queues of people can no longer draw
water from the exhausted wells, when we have begun to drag the starved
dead from the cellars, we have no possibility of continuing the struggle
and we must stop.
" For want of serious assistance the Warsaw rising is going under at the
very moment when our Army is helping France, Belgium and Holland to
their liberation. We refrain from to-day judging this tragic affair. May
the just God estimate the terrible wrong which the Polish nation has
suffered and let him deal justly with those who have committed that wrong...
" In this final phase of the war, the Warsaw rising challenges the world
again with the problem of a great nation^ fighting gallantly and uncompro-*